Can understand and use familiar expressions and very basic phrases aimed at satisfying concrete needs. Can introduce themselves or someone else and ask and answer questions about personal details such as where they live, people they know, and things they have.
Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of immediate relevance (e.g., personal and family information, shopping, work). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.
Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise while traveling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics that are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes, and ambitions.
Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in their field of specialization. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects.
Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognize implicit meaning. Can express themselves fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic, and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects.
Can effortlessly understand practically everything they read or hear. Can summarize information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express themselves spontaneously, very fluently, and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in complex situations.