Looking towards the future, Australia holds a strong appeal for those who seek vast landscapes and modernity. Surprisingly, its history did not initially suggest such dynamic development. The former penal colonies were the catalyst for this remarkable growth. The gold rush enabled both ex-convicts and new arrivals to attain prosperity. Now a land of limitless possibilities, Australia is a cosmopolitan, modern, and fascinating country.
24,13 millions d'habitants
Australia is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the West and the Pacific Ocean to the East, south of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. It is both the largest island and the smallest continent in the world, with the central Australian territory largely covered by deserts and semi-arid areas. In the east, you will experience a humid subtropical climate, while the south and southwest have a Mediterranean climate, and the southeast has a temperate oceanic climate. The northern and northeastern parts of the island are also covered by tropical rainforests, mangroves, and marshes. Australia has only three mountain ranges: the Blue Mountains, the Great Dividing Range, and the Australian Alps, making it the flattest continent in the world.
The first inhabitants are believed to have arrived around 50,000 years ago. Australia was later discovered by the Dutch crew of Captain Dirk Hartog in 1616. The first European colonies were established in 1770 by settlers of diverse origins, creating a culture that blends European and Aboriginal traditions over time. In 1901, the six colonies formed an independent federation, and English became the official language of the Commonwealth of Australia. In the 1950s, a massive wave of European immigration led to an economic boom, sustained by the growing energy demands of China and a thriving tourism industry. Australia's cuisine is known for its surprising flavors, with "Mod Oz" being a fusion of traditional cuisine enriched with influences from Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Australian wines are also renowned worldwide.
Among the iconic natural sites in Australia, you will find stunning beaches like Carrickalinga Beach, considered one of the most beautiful in the state. Don't miss the sacred monolith of Uluru, a must-visit destination in northern Australia where Aboriginal people warmly welcome visitors. There are also breathtaking islands to explore, such as Tiwi Island, famous for its arts center, and Whitsunday Islands, where you can spot whales, dolphins, and giant turtles. Shopping centers can be found in most cities across the country, and cultural events take place throughout the year, including festivals like the Wangaratta Jazz Festival, the Adelaide Royal Show, and many others. In addition to iconic surfing, Australia offers a variety of other sports to enjoy, such as rock climbing, tree-top adventures, hiking, and spearfishing.
For your language trip to Australia, you will need to have a Visa or an eVisitor electronic Visa, which can be obtained for free online at www.immi.gov.au, for stays of less than 3 months. There are no mandatory vaccinations, but certain standard vaccinations are recommended, including Hepatitis B, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, and vaccination against Hepatitis A and Typhoid fever is highly advised. It is also strongly recommended to have travel insurance, as medical expenses must be paid directly. Crime is not a major concern in Australia, but be cautious of sunburn, ocean currents, and potentially dangerous exotic animals and insects (spiders, jellyfish, crocodiles, snakes, etc.).