Cusco was once the capital of the Inca Empire during the pre-Columbian era. The remarkable blend of Spanish and Inca cultures is reflected in its architecture, and the locals are incredibly welcoming. Its location makes it an ideal base for exploring Peru. The magnificent Machu Picchu is easily accessible from Cusco, allowing you to walk in the footsteps of the Inca civilization. Due to the high altitude, the temperature is mild during the day but can be chilly at night. This gives you the perfect opportunity to experience the beautiful, vibrant woolen sweaters proudly sold in local markets, showcasing the Peruvian heritage.